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SAFEGROUNDS identified five key principles for the management of contaminated land on nuclear-licensed and defence sites. The key principles have been established through a consultative process that involved representatives from a variety of stakeholder groups. The key principles are non-overlapping, complementary and should be applied together at various stages in the land management process.
Through the evolution of the SAFEGROUNDS process, while the key principles in essence remain unchanged, there has been further refinement and clarification of the descriptions that accompany these key principles.
The key principles are presented in an order of priority of stakeholder importance that were agreed by consultation rather than an order of service:
Key Principle 1: protection of people and the environment
The fundamental objective of managing contaminated land on nuclear-licensed sites and defence sites should be to achieve a high level of protection of people and the environment, now and in the future.
Key Principle 2: stakeholder involvement
Site owners/operators should involve stakeholders in the management of contaminated land, particularly to inform decision making.
Key Principle 3: identifying the preferred land management option
Site owners/operators should identify their preferred management option (or options) for contaminated land by carrying out a comprehensive, systematic and consultative assessment of all possible options. The assessment should be based on a range of factors that are of concern to stakeholders, including health, safety and environmental impacts and various technical, social and financial factors.
Key Principle 4: immediate action
Site owners/operators should assess both potential and known areas of land contamination and where appropriate implement a prioritised programme of investigation and any appropriate monitoring. On confirmation of areas of land contamination being present, control measures should be instigated until an appropriate management option has been identified and implemented.
Key Principle 5: record-keeping
Site owners/operators should make comprehensive records of the nature and extent of contamination, the process of deciding on the management option for the contaminated land and the findings during the implementation and validation of the option. All records should be kept and updated as necessary.
Updated 07 July 2009, consistent with SAFEGROUNDS Guidance document LMGv2 2009.
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